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India, Geology, Rocky Plateaus, Basalt plateaus, Cliffs

  • Bharucha, F. R. & M. Y.  Ansari (1963). Studies on plant association of slopes and screes of Western Ghats, India. Vegetatio 11: 141-154.

  • Chavan, P., V. Khandekar & S. Mahamulkar  (1973).  The flora of Kas -area from Satara district, Maharashtra, India. M.V.M. Patrika 8:3-15.

  • Diddee, J., S. R. Jog, V. S. Kale & V. S. Datye  (eds.).  Geography of Maharashtra. Rawat Publications, Jaipur & New Delhi, 364pp.

  • Gaikwad, K.S., H. Kulkarni, R. Bhambure, V. Giri (2009). Notes on the distribution, Natural history, and variation of Hemidactylus albofasciatus (Grandison and Soman, 1963) (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Journal of Bombay Natural History Society106(3) : 305-312.

  • Gunnell, Y.  (2001).  Morphology and scarp recession rates of the Western Ghats escarpment, pp.89-117.  In: Gunnell, Y. & B. P. Radhakrishna,  2001.  (eds.). Sahyadri - The Great Escarpment of the Indian Subcontinent (Patterns of Landscape Development in the Western Ghats, Geological Society of India, Bangalore, 1: 717pp.

  • Gunnell, Y. & B. P. Radhakrishna,  2001.  (eds.). Sahyadri - The Great Escarpment of the Indian Subcontinent (Patterns of Landscape Development in the Western Ghats, Geological Society of India, Bangalore, 1: 717pp, 2: 336pp.

  • Joshi, V. C. & M.K.  Janarthanam (2004). The diversity of life-form type, habitat preference and phenology of the endemics in the Goa region of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Biogeography 31:1227-1237.

  • Lad R. and J. Samant (2009). Environmental and Social Impacts of Mining in the Western Ghats: A Case Study of Warna Basin Downloaded on 27 September 2012.

  • Lekhak M.M. & S.R. Yadav (2012). Herbaceous vegetation of threatened high altitude lateritic plateau ecosystems of Western Ghats, southwestern Maharashtra, India Rheedea 22(1):39-61.

  • Ollier C. D. & H. Sheth (2008). The High Deccan duricrusts of India and their significance for the ‘laterite’ issue. Journal of  Earth System Science 117(5) : 537–551.

  • Porembski, S. & A. Watve (2005). Remarks on the species composition of Ephemeral Flush Communities on paleotropical rock outcrops. Phytocoenologia 35 (2-3) : 389-401.

  • Thakur S. & A. Watve (2004). Report of lesser kestrel  (Falco naumanni Fleischer) flock near Thoseghar, Satara dt. Maharashtra. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 44(6): 60.

  • Watve A. (2008). Special Habitats: Rock Outcrops in Northern Western Ghats. ENVIS, Special Habitats and threatened plants of India, Wildlife and Protected Areas, 11(1): 147-153.

  • Watve A. and S. Thakur (2006). Ecological studies of lateritic plateau habitats in Northern Western Ghats, pp. 22-28. In: Pandey H. N. & S. K. Barik (eds.) Ecology, Diversity and Conservation of Plants and Ecosystems in India, Regency Publications, New Delhi, xvi+436pp.

  • Watve, A.  (2003a).  Vegetation on Rock Outcrops in Northern Western Ghats and Konkan Region, Maharasthra. Geobios 30: 41-46.

  • Watve, A. (2007).  Report of the study Plant communities on rock outcrops in Northern Western Ghats. Report submitted to Department of Science and Technology. Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, 51pp.

  • Watve, A. (2010). Rocky Plateaus: Special focus on Northern Western Ghats and Konkan. Western Ghats Ecology Experts Panel (WGEEP)., On-line version dated 25 September 2012.

  • Watve, A. 2003b. Vegetation on Rock Outcrops in Northern Western Ghats and Konkan Region, Maharasthra, pp 185-190. In: Janarthanam, M.K. & D. Narasimhan (eds.), Plant Diversity, Human Welfare and Conservation. Goa University, Goa, 380pp.

  • Widdowson, M. & K. G.  Cox (1996).  Uplift and erosional history of the deccan traps India: Evidence from laterites and drainage patterns of the Western Ghats and Konkan coast. Earth and Planetary science letters 137: 57-69.


World, Africa, Australia, S.America

  • Baskin, J. M. & C. C.  Baskin (1988). Endemism in rock outcrop plant communities of unglaciated eastern United States: An evaluation of the role of the edaphic, genetic and light factors. Journal of Biogeography 15: 829-840.

  • Burbanck, M. P. & R. B.  Platt (1964). Granite outcrop communities of the Piedmont plateau in Georgia. Ecology 45: 292-306.

  • Burke, A.  (2003). The role of inselbergs in contributing to local and regional plant species richness. Biodiversity and Conservation 12: 469-486.

  • Chiarucci, A.  (2004).  Vegetation ecology and conservation on Tuscan Ultramafic soils. Botanical Review 69: 252-268.

  • Dörrstock, S., S. Porembski & W.  Barthlott (1996).  Ephemeral flush vegetation on inselbergs in the Ivory Coast (West Africa). Candollea 51: 407-419.

  • Jacobi C. M., F. F. do Carmo, R. C. Vincent & J. R. Stehmann (2007).  Plant communities on ironstone outcrops: a diverse and endangered Brazilian ecosystem. Biodiversity &  Conservation 16: 2185–2200. 

  • Keener, C. S. (1983). Distribution and biohistory of endemic flora of Mid-Appalachian shale Barrens. Botanical Review 49: 65-115.

  • Krieger, A., S. Porembski & W., Barthlott  (2000). Vegetation of seasonal rock pools on Inselbergs situated in the savanna zone of the Ivory Coast (West Africa).  Flora  195: 257-266.

  • Mota, J. F., A. J. Sola, M. L. Jimenez-Sanchez, F. J. Perez-Garcia & M. E., Merlo (2004).  Gypsicolous flora, conservation and restoration of quarries in I southeast of the Iberian Peninsula. Biodiversity and conservation 13: 1797-1808.

  • Ojeda, F., T. Maranon & J. Arroyo  (2000).  Plant diversity patterns in the Aljibe Mountains (S. Spain): a comprehensive account. Biodiversity and conservation  9:1323-1343.

  • Porembski S. & G. Brown (1995). The vegetation of Inselbergs in the Comoe National Park (Ivory Coast). Candollea, 50: 351-365.

  • Porembski, S. & W. Barthlott (eds.). Inselbergs – Biotic Diversity of Isolated Rock Outcrops in Tropical and Temperate Regions. Ecological studies 146. Springer, Heidelberg, 524pp.

  • Porembski, S.,  E. Fischer &  N.  Biedinger (1997).  Vegetation of inselbergs, quartzitic outcrops and ferricretes in Rwanda and eastern Zaire (Kivu). Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique - Bulletin van de Nationale Plantentuin van België  66: 81-99.

  • Porembski, S., W. Barthlott, S. Dörrstock & N.  Biedinger (1994). Vegetation of rock outcrops in Guinea: granite inselbergs, sandstone table mountains, and ferricretes – remarks on species numbers and endemism. Flora 189: 315-326.

  • Richards, P. W. (1957). Ecological notes on the West African vegetation I. The plant communities of Indanre hills, Nigeria. Journal of Ecology  45: 563-577.

  • Seine, R., U. Becker, S. Porembski, G. Follmann &  W.  Barthlott (1998).  Vegetation of inselbergs in Zimbabwe. Edinborough Journal of  Botany, 55: 267-293.

  • V. Stevanović, K. Tan & G. Iatrou (2003). Distribution of the endemic Balkan flora on serpentine I. –  obligate serpentine endemics. Plant Systematics and Evolution 242(1-4) : 149-170.

  • Verboom, W. H. & J. S.  Pate (2001).  Relationships between cluster root-bearing taxa and laterite across landscapes in southwest Western Australia: an approach using airborne radiometric and digital elevation models. Plant and Soil 00: 1–13.

  • Von Gaisberg M. & C. Stierstorfer  (2005).  The significance of geological traits for the speciation of endemic angiosprms on El Hierro (Canary Islands). Phytocoenologia 35: 39-52.

  • Wiser, S. K. and P. S. White (1999). High elevation outcrops and barrens of the southern Appalachian mountains, pp.119-132. In: Anderson, R. C., J. Fralish & J. Baskin (eds.). Savannas, barrens and rock outcrop communities of north America,  Cambridge University press, USA, ix+470 pp.


Functional traits, dormancy, resurrection

  • Porembski, S., & Barthlott, W. (2000). Granitic and gneissic outcrops (inselbergs) as centers of diversity for desiccation-tolerant vascular plants. Plant Ecology, 151(1), 19-28.

  • Heilmeier, H., Durka, W., Woitke, M., & Hartung, W. (2005). Ephemeral pools as stressful and isolated habitats for the endemic aquatic resurrection plant Chamaegigas intrepidus. Phytocoenologia, 35(2-3), 449-468.

  • Biedinger, N., Porembski, S., & Barthlott, W. (2000). Vascular plants on inselbergs: vegetative and reproductive strategies. In Inselbergs (pp. 117-142). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

  • Porembski, S., Martinelli, G., OHLEMÜLLER, R., & Barthlott, W. (1998). Diversity and ecology of saxicolous vegetation mats on inselbergs in the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. Diversity and distributions, 4(3), 107-119.

  • Hunter, J. T. (2016). Differences in functional trait distribution between inselberg and adjacent matrix floras. International Journal of Ecology, 2016.

  • Hmeljevski, K. V., Freitas, L., Domingues, R., Pereira, A. R., Cancio, A. S., Andrade, A. C. S., ... & Forzza, R. C. (2014). Conservation assessment of an extremely restricted bromeliad highlights the need for population-based conservation on granitic inselbergs of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Flora-Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 209(5-6), 250-259.

  • Vlasáková, B. (2013). Sexual regeneration on a tropical inselberg in French Guiana: an inselberg specialist versus a species with a wider ecological amplitude. Plant ecology, 214(2), 279-290.

  • Deil, U. (2005). A review on habitats, plant traits and vegetation of ephemeral wetlands–a global perspective. Phytocoenologia, 35(2-3), 533-706.



11:30 am

  • Biju, S.D.,  I. Van Bocxlaer, V.B. Giri, S. P. Loader and Franky Bossuyt (2009) Two new endemic genera and a new species of toad (Anura: Bufonidae) from the Western Ghats of India. BMC Research Notes 2009, 2:241 

  • Biju, S.D., I. Van Bocxlaer, V. B. Giri, S. P. Loader & F. Bossuyt (2009). Two new endemic genera and a new species of toad (Anura: Bufonidae) from the Western Ghats of India. BMC Research Notes, 2:241.

  • Giri, V., D. J. Gower & M.  Wilkinson (2004). A new species of Indotyphlus TAYLOR (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) from the Western Ghats, India. Zootaxa 739: 1-19.

  • Giri, V.B. & A. M. Bauer (2008). A new ground-dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Maharashtra, with a key to the Hemidactylus of India. Zootaxa 1700: 21-34.

  • Gower, D. J., V. Giri & M. Wilkinson (2007). Rediscovery of Gegeneophis seshachari Ravichanddran, Gower & Wilkinson, 2003 Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) at the type locality. Herpetozoa 19 (3/4): 121–127.

  • Grandison, A. C. & P. W. Soman (1963). Description of a new geckonid lizard from Maharashtra, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 60: 322-325.

  • Shukla, P. K., G. K. Srivastava & S. K.  Shukla (2002).  The quillworts (Isoetes) of India: distribution, endemism and species radiation. Biodiversity and conservation 11: 959-973.

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